Functional Dry Needling (FDN) is a process involving a physical assessment and intervention for neuromusculoskeletal conditions. The technique uses a thin filiform needle, one without medication or injection, inserted through the skin to deactivate trigger points and "loosen" shortened muscles. It is primarily used to 'reset' tight muscles and to increase bloodflow to specific areas of the body.
Functional Dry Needling is NOT acupuncture. The methodology, purpose, desired benefits, and treatment approaches are vastly different from acupuncture. Acupuncture is steeped in Eastern medicine; FDN is based on Western medicine, physiology and knowledge of anatomy.
A trigger point is a taut band of skeletal muscle located within a large muscle group. Trigger points can be tender to touch causing pain locally, but can also refer to pain in neighbouring tissues mimicking sciatica, headaches, or other conditions.
This treatment likely affects the immune, inflammatory, biomechanical, vascular and neurological systems. Dry Needling is a technique to treat the neuromusculoskeletal systems based on pain patterns, muscular dysfunction and other orthopedic signs and symptoms.